PK 0.4     La Pointe Bouchemaine r/b, pontoons, water, slipway Ceded territory to the, He had strange marriages, including Anne, a four-year-old bride who married the heir of, Second cousin of Louis XII. Hike on the GR®3 along the Loire River from Mont Gerbier-de-Jonc to La Baule through the departments of Ardeche, Haute-Loire, Puy-de-Deme, Saone-et-Loire, Nievre, Loiret, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire and Loire-Atlantique. There are over 300 dotted around the region, earning a large stretch along the Loire river UNESCO World Heritage status in 2000. Unlike most other rivers in western Europe, there are very few dams or locks creating obstacles to its natural flow. File in this download: PK 86.1     Bridge (Anne-de-Bretagne), mooring d/s r/b PK 67.8     Mauves-sur-Loire bridge, village 700m r/b [51], The area includes 87 appellations under the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC), Vin Délimité de Qualité Superieure (VDQS) and Vin de pays systems. The Loire flows roughly northward through Roanne and Nevers to Orléans and thereafter westward through Tours to Nantes, where it forms an estuary. Their modest size means that they can moor up right in the heart of France’s world-famous historic towns and cities and cruise sedately through the sunny heart of France itself. River flow is particularly high in the river area near Roanne and Vichy up to the confluence with the Allier. The Loire, the longest river in France, was formerly navigated upstream as far as La Noirie, level with Saint-Étienne, 880km from the sea, but its extreme flow regime makes it the least navigable of all France’s major rivers. PK 0.0     Junction with Canal latéral à la Loire (embranchement de Decize), l/b PK 90.3     Motorway bridge (Cheviré), N844 Nantes ring road The source of the river lies in the eastern Massif Central, in springs to the south side of Mont Gerbier de Jonc at 44°50′38″N 4°13′12″E / 44.84389°N 4.22000°E / 44.84389; 4.22000. This style was perpetuated during the reign of Louis XVI (1774–92) but with more refinements; one such refined château seen close to Angers is the Château de Montgeoffroy. In 1894 a company was set up to promote improvements to the navigation from Nantes to Briare. The estuary and its shoreline are also important for fishing, shellfish farming and tourism. [32] The most serious floods occurred in 1856, 1866 and 1911. In many reaches the depth drops to no more than 25cm. Road map . After AD 16, the Loire river valley became part of the Roman province of Aquitania, with its capital at Avaricum. Learn how to create your own. Loire River Map. The coastal zone shows hard dark stones, granite, schist and thick soil mantle.[30]. The Loire is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world. – 18 quai Ernest Renaud, 44186 Nantes Cedex 4 (PK 87-138). [1], Most amphibians of the Loire are found in the slow flow areas near the delta, especially in the floodplain, marshes and oxbows. [16][19] During the Wars of Religion from 1562 to 1598, Orléans served as a prominent stronghold for the Huguenots but in 1568, Protestants blew up Orléans Cathedral. Greeks introduced vines. The great Loire salmon, a subspecies of Atlantic salmon, is regarded as the symbolic fish of the river. The spectacular Loire Valley and its main tributary, the River Cher, have carried cargo and passengers for over 2000 years, since pre-Roman times as it winds through sandbanks to the Atlantic Ocean. The French government undertook this major plan, chiefly because pollution and overfishing had reduced approximately 100,000 salmon migrating annually to their spawning grounds in the headwaters of the Loire and its tributaries to just 67 salmon in 1996 on the upper Allier. tend to stay near the river mouth. Some notable Châteaux on the Loire include Beaufort- Mareuil sur Cher – Lavoûte-Polignac – Bouthéon – Montrond – Bastie d'Urfé – Château féodal des Cornes d'Urfé – La Roche – Château féodal de Saint-Maurice-sur-Loire – Saint-Pierre-la-Noaille – Chevenon – Palais ducal de Nevers – Saint-Brisson – Gien – La Bussière – Pontchevron – La Verrerie (near Aubigny-sur-Nère) – Sully-sur-Loire – Châteauneuf-sur-Loire – Boisgibault – Meung-sur-Loire – Menars – Talcy – Château de la Ferté – Chambord – Blois – Villesavin – Cheverny – Beauregard – Troussay – Château de Chaumont – Amboise – Clos-Lucé – Langeais – Gizeux – Les Réaux – Montsoreau – Montreuil-Bellay – Saint-Loup-sur-Thouet – Saumur – Boumois – Brissac – Montgeoffroy – Plessis-Bourré – Château des Réaux. The Loire River and its surrounding regions were first inhabited by Neanderthal man around the Middle Paleolithic period. PK 82.4     Railway bridge (Pont de la Vendée) When piloting a boat on this waterway we strongly recommend using the appropriate Breil (click lefthand) or Fluviacarte (click righthand) printed navigation guide for this waterway. 25 Longest Rivers in Europe - Page 2 of 5 - ListnBest. When the French kings began constructing their huge châteaux here, the nobility, not wanting or even daring to be far from the seat of power, followed suit. PK 83.2     Projected bridge One-third of the inhabitants died in the epidemic of the Black Death of 1348–9. The region experiences a rainfall of 690 mm (27.2 in) along the coast and 648 mm (25.5 in) inland. [11] By 600 BC the Loire had already become a very important trading route between the Celts and the Greeks. PK 0.0     Confluence of Maine, r/b Port Autonome de Nantes – Saint-Nazaire [42] This sparked public demonstrations by the WWF and conservation groups. Everyone had hearing devices for listening to the excellent guides who, at times, gave a little too much info, (not sitting exams on French history). Report it. The Loire gives its name to six departments: Loire, Haute-Loire, Loire-Atlantique, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire, and Saône-et-Loire. In 1429, Joan of Arc persuaded Charles VII to drive out the English from the country. [42] Due to extensive lobbying, the proposal and the other dam proposals were eventually rejected in the 1990s. As a result, the salmon population increased to about 500 in 2005. [42] In 1992, they aided the ‘Loire Nature’ project, which received funds of some $US 9 million under the EU's ‘LIFE’ programme until 1999, embarking upon restoration to the river's ecosystems and wildlife. The Gauls arrived in the valley between 1500 and 500 BC, and the Carnutes settled in Cenabum in what is now Orléans and built a bridge over the river. The climate is considered the most pleasant of northern France, with warmer winters and, more generally, fewer extremes in temperatures, rarely exceeding 38 °C (100 °F). The meaning of the map is cloth or tablecloth derived from the word mappa (Greek). PK 103.5     La Martinière quay l/b (in entrance to former ship canal) PK 83.5     Bridge (Léopold Sédar Senghor) With decreasing flow, first species which appear are single-celled diatoms such as Cyclostephanos invisitatus, C. meneghiniana, S. Hantzschii and Thalassiosira pseudonana. 11Th century the wines of Sancerre had a reputation across Europe for their high quality Alytes,. Its surrounding regions were first inhabited by Neanderthal man around the region experiences a rainfall of 690 (! Experience cruising the waterways from north to south and east to west as. Occur in the 1530s, the Loire ( French river ) and its main affluents of. Under present-day conditions the channel is marked by buoys, red on left-bank... 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