But if the promise refers to the yet future glory (as may be thought from Luke 22:28-30 , and as most take it), it points to the highest personal distinction of the first founders of the Christian Church. (2) But restless notwithstanding, his heart craves eternal life. smote, &c.--kept smiting; for anguish ( Luke 23:48 ), and self-reproach ( Jeremiah 31:19 ). And in how many different forms is it repeated ( Psalms 138:6 , 147:6 , Luke 1:53 ). Luke 18:9-14 . 3 And there was a widow in that town who kept coming to … And if so, then "Can any man forbid water that these should not be baptized which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?" 34. understood none, &c.--The Evangelist seems unable to say strongly enough how entirely hidden from them at that time was the sense of these exceeding plain statements: no doubt to add weight to their subsequent testimony, which from this very circumstance was prodigious, and with all the simple-hearted irresistible. In this sense certainly the promise has been illustriously fulfilled [CALVIN, GROTIUS, LIGHTFOOT, &c.]. PARABLE OF THE PHARISEE AND THE PUBLICAN. Get a detailed summary of Chapter 18:1-17 in Gospel of Luke. (3) Unlike the "rulers," to whose class he belonged ( Luke 18:18 ), he so far believed in Jesus as to be persuaded He could authoritatively direct him on this vital point. widow--weak, desolate, defenseless ( 1 Timothy 5:5 , which is taken from this). But Jesus focuses the parable on a different point, that we are to pray … Luke 18:18-30 . a sinner--literally, "the sinner"; that is, "If ever there was one, I am he.". (1) The man was of irreproachable moral character; and this amidst all the temptations of youth, for he was a "young man" ( Matthew 19:22), and wealth, for "he was very rich" ( Luke 18:23, 10:22). one thing--Ah! 4 For some time he refused. These promises are for every one who forsakes his all for Christ. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 18:9-14 EXEGESIS: LUKE 17:20 - 18:30. 16. 16 But Jesus called the children to him and said, “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. 2 He said: 'In a certain town there was a judge who neither feared God nor cared what people thought. Luke 18:38 "And he cried, saying, Jesus, [thou] son of David, have mercy on me." Many ways of accounting for these slight divergences of detail have been proposed. This case presents some remarkable points. LITTLE CHILDREN BROUGHT TO CHRIST. Bible / Our Library / Bible Commentaries / Wesley's Explanatory Notes / Luke / Luke 18; Share Tweet. "Wealth" is Greek plousios, "pertaining to having an abundance of earthly possessions that exceeds normal experience, rich, wealthy." But these are only his moral excellencies. The emphasis of Luke is Parables and contains more of them than any other Gospel (19 total). 40. commanded, &c.--Mark ( Mark 10:49 ) has this interesting addition: "And they call the blind man, saying unto him, Be of good comfort, rise, He calleth thee"--just as one earnestly desiring an interview with some exalted person, but told by one official after another that it is vain to wait, as he will not succeed (they know it), yet persists in waiting for some answer to his suit, and at length the door opens, and a servant appears, saying, "You will be admitted--he has called you." 19. 29. "All these have I kept," left all--"The workmen's little is as much his "all" as the prince's much" [BENGEL]. house, &c.--The specification is still more minute in Matthew and Mark, ( Matthew 19:27 , 10:29 ) to take in every form of self-sacrifice. 3. came--kept coming. Now, in four vignettes—two parables (18:1-8 and 18:9-14) and two stories (18:15-17 and 18:18-30)—Jesus begins to show the disciples what kingdom life is like. of Luke 18:37 "And they told him, that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by." And though He took the irresistible opportunity of lowering their pride of reason, by informing them that, in order to enter the Kingdom, "instead of the children first becoming like them, they must themselves become like the children" [RICHTER in STIER], this was but by the way; and, returning to the children themselves, He took them up in His gracious arms, put His hands upon them and blessed them, for no conceivable reason but to show that they were thereby made capable, AS INFANTS, of the Kingdom of God. (1) The man was of irreproachable moral character; and this amidst all the temptations of youth, for he was a "young man" ( Matthew 19:22 ), and wealth, for "he was very rich" ( Luke 18:23 , 10:22 ). God, &c.--To have been kept from gross iniquities was undoubtedly a just cause of thankfulness to God; but instead of the devoutly humble, admiring frame which this should inspire, the Pharisee arrogantly severs himself from the rest of mankind, as quite above them, and, with a contemptuous look at the poor publican, thanks God that he has not to stand afar off like him, to hang down his head like a bulrush and beat his breast like him. The Pharisee says, "God, I thank you that I am not like other people: thieves, rogues, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. b. Ah! 2. feared not . 2 And he called him and said to him , ‘ What is this that I hear about you ? Many who are loth to leave Christ, yet do leave him. persecutions"; for how could such a transfer take place without the most cruel wrenches to flesh and blood? But best of all, "in the world to come life everlasting." 17 Truly I tell you, anyone who will not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will … But the application of the parable to prayer in general is so obvious as to have nearly hidden its more direct reference, and so precious that one cannot allow it to disappear in any public and historical interpretation. 38. son of David, so much the more--that importunity so commended in the Syrophenician woman, and so often enjoined ( Luke 11:5-13 , 18:1-8 ). Luke 18 . He completely put others first before He thought of Himself, the Son of man. People are often blind to their sins. cry day and night--whose every cry enters into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth ( James 5:4 ), and how much more their incessant and persevering cries! Both parables have to do with prayer. Here, it is plain from our Lord's reply, that they thought the intrusion a useless one, as infants were not capable of receiving anything from Him. All rights reserved. A Summary (Luke 18:18-27) Jesus not only attacks (1) the notion that anyone is naturally good enough for the kingdom of God but also (2) exposes the deep roots that sins have in the lives of every person. The parable of the Pharisee and publican, designed to teach us humility, and humiliation for sin, in prayer, Luke 18:9-14. From this we learn: (1) That the primary and historical reference of this parable is to the Church in its widowed, desolate, oppressed, defenseless condition during the present absence of her Lord in the heavens; (2) That in these circumstances importunate, persevering prayer for deliverance is the Church's fitting exercise; (3) That notwithstanding every encouragement to this, so long will the answer be delayed, while the need of relief continues the same, and all hope of deliverance will have nearly died out, and "faith" of Christ's coming scarcely to be found. It is surely not to be conceived that all our Lord meant was to inform us, that seeing grown people must become childlike in order to be capable of the Kingdom of God, therefore they should not hinder infants from coming to Him, and therefore He took up and blessed the infants themselves. “No one is good—except God alone. The book of Luke is a Gospel that contains Narrative History, Genealogy, Sermons, Parables, and some Prophetic Oracles. After a long struggle between their convictions and their corruptions, their corruptions carry the day. When the disciples saw this, they rebuked them. Luke 18:18-30. Thou knowest, &c.--Matthew ( Matthew 19:17 ) is more complete here: "but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. Luke 18:1-8 – A Widow and an Unjust Judge Summary. (Hence, Socinianism, instead of having any support here, is only baffled by it). In Matthew ( Matthew 19:27 ) he adds, "What shall we have therefore?" The Rich and the Kingdom of God (). 775 Luke 18:23 tells us "he was a man of great wealth." He spent the whole night in prayer before He called the twelve (6:12). All these, &c.--"what lack I yet?" touch them--or, as more fully in Matthew ( Matthew 19:13 ), "put His hands on them and pray," or invoke a "blessing" on them ( Mark 10:16 ), according to venerable custom ( Genesis 48:14 Genesis 48:15 ). bear long with them--rather, "in their case," or "on their account" (as) James 5:7 , "for it"), [GROTIUS, DE WETTE, &c.]. But Jesus--"much displeased," says Mark ( Mark 10:14 ); and invaluable addition. In the parable of the persistent widow (Luke 18:1-8), a poor, powerless person (the widow) persists in nagging a corrupt, powerful person (the judge) to do justice for her. 26, 27. Luke 18:15-17 . In Mark ( Mark 10:24 ) an explanation is added, "How hard is it for them that trust in riches," &c.--that is, with what difficulty is this idolatrous trust conquered, without which they cannot enter; and this is introduced by the word "children"--sweet diminutive of affection and pity ( John 21:5 ). 24. when Jesus saw--Mark says ( Mark 3:34 ), He "looked round about"--as if first following the departing youth with His eye--"and saith unto His disciples." He saith unto him, Which--as if he had said, Point me out one of them which I have not kept?--"Jesus said, Thou shalt," &c. ( Matthew 19:17 Matthew 19:18 ). There may therefore, be some allusion to this here, though not likely. Brief Summary. . adds Matthew ( Matthew 19:20 ). Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector contrasts pride and humility in prayer, and demonstrates the bold faith possible to the humble and penitent believer. What a picture of the Pharisaic character and religion! Commentary on Luke 18:35-43 (Read Luke 18:35-43) This poor blind man sat by the wayside, begging. From verse 35 the great transition draws near historically. sell, &c.--As riches were his idol, our Lord, who knew if from the first, lays His great authoritative grasp at once upon it, saying, "Now give Me up that, and all is right." Doubtless he was perfectly sincere; but something within whispered to him that his keeping of the commandments was too easy a way of getting to heaven. No general direction about the disposal of riches, then, is here given, save that we are to sit loose to them and lay them at the feet of Him who gave them. said--"SUFFER THE LITTLE CHILDREN TO COME UNTO ME"--"AND FORBID THEM NOT," is the important addition of Matthew ( Matthew 19:14 ) and Mark ( Mark 10:14 ). 777. (Compare Proverbs 29:1 .) Then they also brought infants to Him that He might touch them; but when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. LUKE 18:1. “Son of David”: An affirmation that he recognized Jesus as the Messiah and King. for the kingdom of God's sake--in Mark ( Mark 10:29 ), "for MY sake, 30. manifold more in this present time--in Matthew ( Matthew 19:29 ) "an hundredfold," to which Mark ( Mark 10:30 ) gives this most interesting addition, "Now in this present time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions." 20 You know the commandments: ‘You shall not commit adultery, you shall not murder, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother.’ [] ” () One thing is plain, there could have been no collusion among the authors of these Gospels, else they would have taken care to remove these "spots on the sun.". Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. He felt something beyond this to be necessary; after keeping all the commandments he was at a loss to know what that could be; and he came to Jesus just upon that point. The Lord then resumes, in verse 9 of chapter 18, the description of those characters which were suitable to the kingdom, to enter it now by following Him. As verse 9 tells us, Jesus spoke this parable to those who “trusted in themselves that they were righteous and despised others” (NKJV). We can easily fall into the helpless category where we do not trust the Lord (Luke 19:1-8) or have a lot of confidence but in the wrong place–in this case it was by comparing the things he did with others. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Luke 18:19 It was near the end of our Lord’s ministry, and the clouds were darkening down. A large chunk of Luke's gospel (9:51-19:28) is a play-by-play account of what Jesus says and does during this journey. To be self-emptied, or, "poor in spirit," is the fundamental and indispensable preparation for the reception of the "grace which bringeth salvation": wherever this exists, the "mourning" for it which precedes "comfort" and the earnest "hungerings and thirstings after righteousness" which are rewarded by the "fulness" of it, will, as we see here, be surely found. Completely devoted to everyone, especially the weak. There is no man, &c.--graciously acknowledging at once the completeness and the acceptableness of the surrender as a thing already made. What wilt thou, &c.--to try them; to deepen their present consciousness of need; and to draw out their faith in Him. The price of them is above rubies. 3 And there was a widow in that town who kept coming to him with the plea, 'Grant me justice against my adversary.' Verse 8, then, of chapter 18, ends the … This case presents some remarkable points. Thus, besides doing all his duty, he did works of supererogation; while sins to confess and spiritual wants to be supplied he seems to have felt none. be accomplished--showing how Christ Himself read, and would have us to read, the Old Testament, in which some otherwise evangelical interpreters find no prophecies, or virtually none, of the sufferings of the Son of man. Luke, a doctor and a Greek Christian, wrote it circa 59-61 A.D. In fact, it contains the very essence of the gospel of Jesus Christ. THE CONTEXT In 17:20-37, Jesus taught the disciples about the coming of the kingdom. Sorry he was, very sorry, to part with Christ; but to part with his riches would have cost him a pang more. Your email address will not be published. 20. He prayed as the Holy Spirit descended on Him at His baptism (Luke 3:21). 776 The adjective "great" translates Greek sphodra, "a very high point on a scale of extent, very (much), extremely, greatly." PARABLE OF THE IMPORTUNATE WIDOW. The meaning is the same in 2 Cor. FULLER ANNOUNCEMENT OF HIS APPROACHING DEATH AND RESURRECTION. And are there no other suitors to Jesus who sometimes fare thus? ( Acts 10:47 ). And. would not lift up--blushing and ashamed to do so ( Ezra 9:6 ). A Summary (Luke 18:9-14) People tend to have two extremes. 31. all written by the prophets concerning the Son of man . He often would slip away from the crowds into the wilderness where He would pray (5:16). How shall it fare with us? Purpose. 15. infants--showing that some, at least, of those called in Matthew ( Matthew 19:13 ) and Mark ( Mark 10:13 ) simply "little" or "young children," were literally "babes." This free Bible study guide will help you understand what you're reading. He was the most humble man that ever lived, and not only a servant, but the lowest slave. THE RICH YOUNG RULER AND DISCOURSE THEREON. 11, 12. stood--as the Jews in prayer ( Mark 11:25 ). Luke 18:1-8 . be merciful--"be propitiated," a very unusual word in such a sense, only once else used in the New Testament, in the sense of "making reconciliation" by sacrifice ( Hebrews 2:17 ). 14. rather than the other--The meaning is, "and not the other"; for the Pharisee was not seeking justification, and felt no need of it. Now a certain ruler: This man is commonly known as the rich young ruler, because he is described as a ruler (Luke 18:18), as rich (Luke 18:23), and as young (Matthew 19:22). What words are these from the lips of Christ! Everyone by this time had heard of the miracles Jesus had done. The parable assumes John the Baptists teaching that holding a position of power and leadership obligates you to work justly, especially on behalf of the poor and weak. 41-43. 1 He also spoke a parable to them that they must always pray, and not give up, This is one of two instances in this Gospel where Luke tells us the purpose of Jesus’ parable before relating the parable itself. Later in the chapter, He speaks of His death and suffering. [Questions on the text are here.] Our Lord purposely confines Himself to the second table, which He would consider easy to keep, enumerating them all--for in Mark ( Mark 10:19 ), "Defraud not" stands for the tenth (else the eighth is twice repeated). Thus was he shown to lack the one all-comprehensive requirement of the law--the absolute subjection of the heart to God, and this want vitiated all his other obediences. And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor … Lord "Rabboni" ( Mark 10:51 ); an emphatic and confiding exclamation. 22. lackest . The prayer of faith, guided by Christ's encouraging promises, and grounded on them, shall not be in vain. He who does this with all he has, whether rich or poor, is a true heir of the kingdom of heaven. . Impossible, for that had been to contradict all Scripture teaching, and His own, too ( Psalms 112:5 , Matthew 25:21 , Titus 1:8 ). He was not only blind, but poor, the fitter emblem of the world of mankind which Christ came to heal and save. Such, therefore, and such only, are the justified ones ( Job 33:27 Job 33:28 , Psalms 34:18 , Isaiah 57:15 ). Ye who have now adhered to Me shall, in the new kingdom, rule, or give law to, the great Christian world, here set forth in Jewish dress as the twelve tribes, presided over by the twelve apostles on so many judicial thrones. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Luke Summary by Jay Smith. This blind man was not deaf and he had heard, too. 18:1-8. Nevertheless, &c.--that is, Yet ere the Son of man comes to redress the wrongs of His Church, so low will the hope of relief sink, through the length of the delay, that one will be fain to ask, Will He find any faith of a coming avenger left on the earth? Perhaps, if we knew all the facts, we should see no difficulty; but that we have been left so far in the dark shows that the thing is of no moment any way. When Riches or Heaven, on Christ's terms, were the alternative, the result showed to which side the balance inclined. "Then," says Mark ( Mark 10:21 ), "Jesus beholding him loved him," or "looked lovingly upon him." V 31 Jesus took the Twelve aside and told them, ‘We are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written by the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled. See Luke 18:5 , "her continual coming." (Luk 18:15-17) Jesus uses children as examples of humility. 13. standing afar off--as unworthy to draw near; but that was the way to get near ( Psalms 34:18 , Isaiah 57:15 ). How hardly, &c.--with what difficulty. This He calls "manifold more"--"an hundredfold more"--than what they sacrificed. . 6-8. the Lord--a name expressive of the authoritative style in which He interprets His own parable. We are studying Luke 19:1-10 for Sunday, March 24 – the story of Zacchaeus, “a wee little man” who not only sees Jesus but gets to host him as one of the last stops on Jesus’ journey to Jerusalem. 15 People were also bringing babies to Jesus for him to place his hands on them. Parable of the Widow and the Unjust Judge teaches persistence, faith, and prayer, with a promise of God's ultimate justice; 18:9-14. neither regarded--defying the vengeance of God and despising the opinion of men. but the persecution would haply follow them into their new and higher circle, breaking that up too! Was it not just the grave mistake of the disciples that infants should not be brought to Christ, because only grown people could profit by Him, which "much displeased" our Lord? He then speaks to a rich man about how he should live his life. But in Matthew ( Matthew 19:28 ) this is prefaced by a special promise to the Twelve: "Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed Me in the Regeneration, when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of His glory, ye also shall sit on twelve thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel." 28-30. … (4) So earnest is he that he comes "running" and even "kneeling before Him," and that when He was gone forth into the war ( Mark 10:17 )--the high-road, by this time crowded with travellers to the passover; undeterred by the virulent opposition of the class he belonged to as a "ruler" and by the shame he might be expected to feel at broaching such a question in the hearing of a crowd and on the open road. Not confining himself to the one divinely prescribed annual fast ( Leviticus 16:29 ), he was not behind the most rigid, who fasted on the second and fifth days of every week [LIGHTFOOT], and gave the tenth not only of what the law laid under tithing, but of "all his gains." But Jesus called them to Him and said, "Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of God. Here are my notes on this text: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: We’ve been following Jesus through the gospel of Luke, as he makes his way through “Luke… In Matthew and Mark ( Mark 10:46-52 ) the occurrence is connected with Christ's departure from Jericho; in Luke with His approach to it. Gospel of Luke Summary ... 18:31; 19:28). Luke 18:31-34 . his own elect--not like this widow, the object of indifference and contempt, but dear to Him as the apple of the eye ( Zechariah 2:8 ). 7. shall not God--not unjust, but the infinitely righteous Judge. Jesus begins this parable by comparing two men who both went to the temple to pray. It was while He was praying that Peter gave his well-known confession that Jesus is the Christ (9:18). A summary of Luke 18 from @biblesummary. . If even a scoundrel like the judge can finally be moved to grant justice, how much more likely will God bring justice to … Jesus was the most perfect man of all men, the perfect Son of God. Prayer is important in Luke’s Gospel. This so-called "travel narrative" is more than a story about the route Jesus and company took to Jerusalem. In Matthew 20:29-34 , they are two, as in the case of the Demoniac of Gadara. 2 He said: “In a certain town there was a judge who neither feared God nor cared what people thought. But the reason assigned, "FOR OF SUCH IS THE KINGDOM OF GOD," or "of heaven," as in Matthew 19:14 , completes the previous information here conveyed; especially as interpreted by what immediately follows: "AND HE TOOK THEM UP IN HIS ARMS, PUT HIS HANDS UPON THEM, AND BLESSED THEM" ( Mark 10:16 ). For, &c.--"At that rate none can be saved": "Well, it does pass human power, but not divine.". 18 Then Jesus told his disciples a parable to show them that they should always pray and not give up. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. avenge--redeem from oppression. His ministrations were for grown people. We don’t know if his authority was in the world of politics or in the world of religion. Answer: The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector in the Temple (Luke 18:9-14) is rich with spiritual truth. 25. easier for a camel, &c.--a proverbial expression denoting literally a thing impossible, but figuratively, very difficult. 21. 1 Then Jesus told his disciples a parable to show them that they should always pray and not give up. Our Lord was Himself the first to exemplify this new adjustment of His own relationships. This great law of the Kingdom of God is, in the teaching of Christ, inscribed, as in letters of gold, over its entrance gate. rebuked them--Repeatedly the disciples thus interposed to save annoyance and interruption to their Master; but, as the result showed, always against the mind of Christ ( Matthew 15:23 , Luke 18:39 Luke 18:40 ). Luke Chapter 18 Luke 18 has Jesus preaching different parables. To join or to confess Him would cost something, and this ruler hesitated until his opportunity was almost gone, until Christ was in the act of leaving the district, which was the tract beyond the Jordan, for the last time. Why, &c.--Did our Lord mean then to teach that God only ought to be called "good?" (Luke 18:9) Summary of the Parable of the Pharisee & Tax Collector. Carole 17 Sep 2018, 12:00. But such application of the baptismal water can have no warrant here, save where the infants have been previously brought to Christ Himself for His benediction, and only as the sign and seal of that benediction. THE RICH YOUNG RULER AND DISCOURSE THEREON. All Rights Reserved. THE NEED TO PRAY AND NOT TO GIVE UP. "And he, casting away his garment"--how lively is this touch, evidently of an eye-witness, expressive of his earnestness and joy--"came to Jesus" ( mark 10:49 mark 10:50 ). . Lo, &c.--in the simplicity of his heart (as is evident from the reply), conscious that the required surrender had been made, and generously taking in his brethren with him--"we"; not in the spirit of the young ruler. It is the third of the synoptic gospels. 8. speedily--as if pained at the long delay, impatient for the destined moment to interpose. Salem Media Group. 4:1: Paul will not let any difficulties cause him to fail or grow weary. 18:15-17. but that a fundamental, fatal lack. faint--lose heart, or slacken. This indeed is but distantly hinted; but unless this is seen in the background of our Lord's words, nothing worthy of Him can be made out of them. Summary of The Book of Luke. The other instance is the next parable (18:9-14). In Luke 18:1, just after the apocalyptic discourse in Luke 17, the point is obviously that, with a view to the end, the disciples should not grow slack in prayer. this gives us a glimpse of his heart. 18:18-30 Many have a great deal in them very commendable, yet perish for lack of some one thing; so this ruler could not bear Christ's terms, which would part between him and his estate. His sincerity, frankness, and nearness to the kingdom of God, in themselves most winning qualities, won our Lord's regard even though he turned his back upon Him--a lesson to those who can see nothing lovable save in the regenerate. We have here the blessed promise of a reconstruction of all human relationships and affections on a Christian basis and in a Christian state, after being sacrificed, in their natural form, on the altar of love to Christ. Proud member His religious merits complete his grounds for congratulation. 23-25. was very sorrowful--Matthew ( Matthew 19:22 ) more fully, "went away sorrowful"; Mark still more, "was sad" or "sullen" at that saying, and "went away grieved." Luke 18 The Parable of the Dishonest Manager 16 He also said to the disciples , “ There was a rich man who had j a manager , and charges were brought to him that this man was wasting his possessions . Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Avenge me--that is, rid me of the oppression of. 18 Now a certain ruler asked Him, saying, "Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal … Unless therefore we are to ascribe captiousness to our Lord, He could have had but one object--to raise the youth's ideas of Himself, as not to be classed merely with other "good masters," and declining to receive this title apart from the "One" who is essentially and only "good." 18 A certain ruler asked him, “Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” (19 “Why do you call me good?” Jesus answered. 1-5. always--Compare Luke 18:7 , "night and day." . Jesus tells a parable about a persistent widow who demands justice from an unjust judge. … 18:1-8 the great transition draws near historically Jesus told his disciples a parable a. What you 're reading 18:19 it was while he was not deaf and he called the twelve 6:12... In 17:20-37, Jesus taught the disciples about the coming of the Pharisee & luke 18 summary... 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